Calicheamicins are a class of enediyne antitumor antibiotics derived from the bacterium Micromonospora echinospora, The main component is calicheamicin γ1. It has strong anti-Gram-positive bacteria activity and anti-tumor effect.
Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Index Of Refraction
The animal metabolism of nemorubicin (MMDX) proved to be qualitatively similar to that observed with HLMs since, in all tested species, MMDX was mainly converted to PNU-159682 by a single CYP3A form. However, there were marked quantitative inter- and intra-species differences in kinetic parameters. The mouse and the male rat exhibited V(max) and intrinsic metabolic clearance (CL(int)) values closest to those of human beings, suggesting that these species are the most suitable animal models to investigate MMDX biotransformation. A close inverse correlation was found between MMDX CL(int) and previously reported values of MMDX LD(50) for animals of the species, sex and strain tested here, indicating that differences in the in vivo toxicity of MMDX are most probably due to sex- and species-related differences in the extent of PNU-159682 formation.
Homogeneous conjugate calicheamicin possess minimal aggregation and display high in vivo stability with 50% of the drug remaining conjugated to the antibody after 21 days. Furthermore, this calicheamicin ADCs are highly efficacious in mouse models of both solid tumor (HER2+ breast cancer) and hematologic malignancies (CD22+ non-Hodgkin lymphoma). Safety studies in rats with this novel calicheamicin ADC revealed an increased tolerability compared with that reported for Mylotarg.
White solid powder
2 years if stored properly
Store at 2-8°C for short term (days to weeks) or -20°C for long term (months to years)
Irritant; Health Hazard