Solasodine - CAS 126-17-0

Solasodine - CAS 126-17-0 Catalog number: BADC-00072

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Solasodine(Purapuridine) is a poisonous alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family. Solasodine showed selective cytotoxicity against cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) and human myeloid leukemia cell line (U937).

ADCs Cytotoxin
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BADC-00072 -- $--
Solasodine(Purapuridine) is a poisonous alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family. Solasodine showed selective cytotoxicity against cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) and human myeloid leukemia cell line (U937).
Purapuridine; Solancarpidine; Solasodin
Canonical SMILES
1.0159 (rough estimate)
Chloroform, not well in acetone, methanol, ethanol
Melting Point
200-202 °C.
Optical Rotation
In Vitro
Specifically, in vitro, solasodine could significantly inhibit the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cell lines SW1990 and PANC1 cells. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that solasodine could induce apoptosis of SW1990 and PANC1 cells. Western blot assay indicated that solasodine could significantly inhibit the activation of Cox-2/Akt/GSK3β signal pathway. Meanwhile, the release of Cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytoplasm which can raise the caspases cascade (C-caspase 3 and C-caspase 9) was significantly enhanced by solasodine. Solasodine reduces viability of A549 cells. Treatment with non-toxic doses of solasodine suppresses markedly cell invasion. Solasodine reduces the mRNA level of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9 and extracellular inducer of matrix metalloproteinase (EMMPRIN), but increases the expression of reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (RECK), as well as tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2.
In Vivo
In vivo, solasodine had potent anti-tumor activities with a lower cytotoxicity. In addition, the serum TNF-α, IL-2 and IFN-γ levels in SW1990 tumor-bearing mice after the treatment of solasodine was significantly increased. BEC, a standard mixture of solasodine glycosides is effective in vivo against murine sarcoma 180 (S180), whereas the aglycone solasodine at equimolar concentrations is ineffective. The efficacy of BEC against S180 in vivo can be inhibited by rhamnose. Mice which are in their terminal stage with S180 can tolerate and become symptom-free of cancer by single dose administration of BEC at concentrations of BEC three times the LD100 for normal mice.
Clinical Trial Information
NCT NumberCondition Or DiseasePhaseStart DateSponsorStatus
NCT04693000Keratotic Nodular SizePhase 22021-01-05Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, BangladeshActive, not recruiting
ADCs Cytotoxin
Solid powder
97 % (HPLC).
Quality Standard
Enterprise Standard
Room temperature, or blue ice upon request.
Store at +4 °C, in dark place.
Boiling Point
532.75°C (rough estimate)
1.A New Cytotoxic Steroidal Glycoalkaloid from the Methanol Extract of Blumea lacera Leaves.
Akter R1, Uddin SJ, Tiralongo J, Grice ID, Tiralongo E. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2015;18(4):616-33.
PURPOSE: Blumea lacera (B. lacera) (Asteraceae) is a well-known Bangladeshi medicinal plant. This study aimed to identify and characterize constituents associated with the significant cytotoxic activity of this plant that we reported previously. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of a new steroidal glycoalkaloid (SGA) 1, the evaluation of its cytotoxic activity, apoptotic potential, and effect on cell cycle in comparison to analogous steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs).
2.Bioassay-guided fractionation of extracts from Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum) flowers reveals unprecedented structural variability of steroidal glycoalkaloids.
Uhlig S1, Hussain F2, Wisløff H2. Toxicon. 2014 Dec 15;92:42-9. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.09.004. Epub 2014 Sep 28.
Several Lilium species are nephrotoxic in cats (Felis silvestris catus), among them Easter lilies (Lilium longiflorum). Although clinical trials have been carried out, the causative toxic phytochemicals have not yet been identified. We thus aimed to determine the toxic constituents of Easter lily flowers applying a bioassay-guided approach based on a feline kidney cell line model. The bioassay-guided fractionation traced the observed cytotoxicity to a complex mixture of compounds that were tentatively identified as steroidal glycoalkaloids of the solasodine-type, based on multiple-fragmentation ion trap and high-resolution mass spectrometry. The glycoalkaloids in the active fraction possessed trisaccharide chains, and at least 16 different congeners could be separated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The two principal compounds were solasodine trisaccharides containing two hexose and one deoxy-hexose unit. In the remaining 14 analogues, one or two of the hydroxyl groups of the second hexose from the aglycone were acetylated.
3.Comparative interactions of withanolides and sterols with two members of sterol glycosyltransferases from Withania somnifera.
Pandey V1,2, Dhar YV3, Gupta P4, Bag SK5, Atri N6, Asif MH7, Trivedi PK8, Misra P9. BMC Bioinformatics. 2015 Apr 16;16:120. doi: 10.1186/s12859-015-0563-7.
BACKGROUND: Sterol glycosyltransferases (SGTs) are ubiquitous but one of the most diverse group of enzymes of glycosyltransferases family. Members of this family modulate physical and chemical properties of secondary plant products important for various physiological processes. The role of SGTs has been demonstrated in the biosynthesis of pharmaceutically important molecules of medicinal plants like Withania somnifera.
4.Chemistry and anticarcinogenic mechanisms of glycoalkaloids produced by eggplants, potatoes, and tomatoes.
Friedman M1. J Agric Food Chem. 2015 Apr 8;63(13):3323-37. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b00818. Epub 2015 Mar 30.
Inhibition of cancer can occur via apoptosis, a genetically directed process of cell self-destruction that involves numerous biomarkers and signaling pathways. Glycoalkaloids are nitrogen-containing secondary plant metabolites found in numerous Solanaceous plants including eggplants, potatoes, and tomatoes. Exposure of cancer cells to glycoalkaloids produced by eggplants (α-solamargine and α-solasonine), potatoes (α-chaconine and α-solanine), and tomatoes (α-tomatine) or their hydrolysis products (mono-, di-, and trisaccharide derivatives and the aglycones solasodine, solanidine, and tomatidine) inhibits the growth of the cells in culture (in vitro) as well as tumor growth in vivo. This overview comprehensively surveys and consolidates worldwide efforts to define the following aspects of these natural compounds: (a) their prevalence in the three foods; (b) their chemistry and structure-activity relationships; (c) the reported factors (biomarkers, signaling pathways) associated with apoptosis of bone, breast, cervical, colon, gastric, glioblastoma, leukemia, liver, lung, lymphoma, melanoma, pancreas, prostate, and squamous cell carcinoma cell lines in vitro and the in vivo inhibition of tumor formation and growth in fish and mice and in human skin cancers; and (d) future research needs.

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Historical Records: gamma-fagarine | γ-Amanitin | Solasodine




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