Duocarmycin SA is a potent antitumor antibiotic with an IC50 of 10 pM. Duocarmycin SA is an extremely potent cytotoxic agent capable of inducing a sequence-selective alkylation of duplex DNA. Duocarmycin SA demonstrates synergistic cytotoxicity against glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells treated with proton radiation in vitro.
(+)-duocarmycin SA; Antibiotic DC113; methyl (1R,12S)-7-oxo-10-(5,6,7-trimethoxy-1H-indole-2-carbonyl)-5,10-diazatetracyclo[7.4.0.01,12.02,6]trideca-2(6),3,8-triene-4-carboxylate
1.53±0.1 g/cm3 (Predicted)
8.82E-25mmHg at 25°C
Although still exceptionally potent, the iso-duocarmycin SA derivatives and natural product analogues exhibited a corresponding approximate 3-5-fold reduction in cytotoxic activity [L1210 IC(50) for (+)-iso-duocarmycin SA = 50 pM and for (+)-iso-yatakemycin = 15 pM] consistent with their placement on a parabolic relationship correlating activity with reactivity. The DNA alkylation selectivity of the resulting key natural product analogues was unaltered by the structure modification in spite of the minor-groove presentation of a potential H-bond donor.
Duocarmycin SA (DSA) concentrations as low as 0.001 nM significantly sensitized U-138 cells to proton irradiation. DSA demonstrates synergistic cytotoxicity against GBM cells treated with proton radiation in vitro, which may represent a novel therapeutic alternative for the treatment of GBM.
Pale Yellow Powder
0-4℃ for short term (days to weeks), or -20℃ for long term (months).
Room temperature, or blue ice upon request.
787.7±60.0 °C (Predicted)